what is neuropathy - An Overview



Neuropathy is a basic term representing disturbances in the normal performance of the peripheral nerves. The reasons for neuropathy are different and so is the treatment. Many a times, the neuropathy is nearly permanent and the treatment is primarily focused on avoiding additional progression of the nerve damage and other encouraging procedures to prevent any complications due to neuropathy.

Neuropathies due to dietary shortages are primarily treated with the replenishment of the deficient nutrient. Neuropathies due to shortage of vitamins like cobalamin, thiamine, pyridoxine, niacin are dealt with by giving the vitamin supplementation orally or by intramuscular injection of the vitamin if shortage is due to defective absorption of vitamins from the diet plan. Treatment might or may not entirely reverse the neuropathy and ease the symptoms and in many cases there is some irreversible damage to nerves and consistent symptoms despite treatment. Recently neuropathy due to copper deficiency has actually also been discovered. It too is treated with oral copper salts or intravenous injection of copper salts. Once again the reaction is variable and might take numerous months.

Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are treated based upon particular cause and the nerve involved. Carpal tunnel syndrome treatment varies from medical approaches like NSAID (like Ibuprofen), local injection of steroids in wrist, and preventing aggravating aspects like typing in incorrect positions, usage of hand tools and so on. If symptoms not minimized by this method, then surgery is also an option and is frequently curative if no permanent damage to nerve has actually already taken place. Once again, each neuropathy is distinct and treatment varies.

The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other diseases is the treatment of the primary illness causing the neuropathy. If neuropathy is due to Myxedema, caused by absence of thyroid hormonal agent, then treatment is changing the thyroid hormone. Treatment of Diabetic Neuropathy is generally helpful.

Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergy is avoiding the irritant food product triggering neuropathy. There might be some particular treatment in specific cases, like neuropathy due to isoniazid can usually be avoided by giving pyridoxine along with it.


Many a times, the neuropathy is nearly permanent and the treatment is mainly focused on avoiding additional progression of the nerve damage and other encouraging steps to prevent any complications due to neuropathy.

Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are dealt with based on specific cause and the nerve involved. The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other illness is the treatment of the main disease causing the neuropathy. Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergic reaction is avoiding the allergen food product triggering neuropathy.

Individuals simply like you, all over the world, have found that their nerves can be rebuilt and full function brought back. It does not matter what the reason for your painful peripheral neuropathy is: idiopathic, diabetic, alcoholic, poisonous, or chemotherapy induced. The fundamental cause is all the same. At a long time, portions of your nerves were starved for oxygen. Perhaps there was too much sugar in your blood taking up the space for oxygen. Possibly you had some pinching of your nerves somewhere. Perhaps you were exposed to a toxin like black mold, anesthesia, or pesticides. Whatever the initial cause, your nerves responded with the only survival tool they had: they contracted, they reduced their length and volume to maintain themselves, and the gaps in between the nerves(synapse) were stretched. A normal sized nerve signal might no longer jump this space. Like the gap on the trigger plug in your cars and truck or yard mower, if that gap gets too big, the trigger can not leap throughout. Thus nerve impulses, both those increasing to the brain and those coming down from the brain suffered. Your brain began to neglect the complicated incoming signals leading to the experience of feeling numb and tingling. With enough time, these hindered signals finally let loose triggering shooting discomforts, burning feelings, and the sensation of pins and needles. Lastly, you began to lose touch with where your feet were, in time and space, and started to stumble and fall. This process is progressive, and can ultimately result in minimized movement, injury, even amputation. A specialized neuromuscular stimulator has the ability to stop the discomfort, reduce the tingling and tingle, and restore your nerve health and mobility.

Built-in microprocessors steps numerous physiological functions of your nerves and automatically changes itself to your particular therapeutic requirements, beginning with the first recovery signal.

When the unit is very first turned on, it measures the electrical analog resistance and digital impedance and sets its output criteria for your physical mass. It knows if it is treating a 125 pound woman or a 350 pound male. If you use it straight on your lower back, it knows that.

Specialized stimulator then sends out a "test" signal that represents the most typical waveform for healthy peripheral nerves. This signal goes from one foot, up the leg, to the nerve roots in your lower back, down the other leg, to the other foot. It then waits for an echo-like reaction from this preliminary signal.
It then analyzes this 'return" signal to identify any aberrations.

Simply as a cardiologist can take one take a look at the shape of the signal showed on an EKG display, and diagnose exactly what is incorrect with the heart, we have had the ability to recognize that the peripheral nerves have a very specific shape to its waveform. We can diagnose the nature of the problem by examining that waveform. This feature is built into the stimulator and processed by its internal microprocessor.

Irregularities in the shape of the waveform en route up indicates problems with feeling numb; the shape of the top of the waveform indicates the capability of the nerve to provide the signal long enough for the brain to get all of it; abnormalities in the downward slope of the waveform shows pain, and the shape of the refractory period as the afferent neuron repolarize's itself shows the ability of the nerve pathway to get ready for the next signal.

The gadget must then produce, and send out, a compensating waveform, to 'smooth out' these irregularities, really just like the way noise canceling earphones work.

This process goes on 7.83 times every second, sending out a signal, examining the returning signal, creating a compensating signal, and sending this new signal. It is continuously examining your response, and changing itself, to carefully coax your nerve's ability to send and get correct signals.

These impulses are sent out 7.83 times per 2nd since that is how long it takes for the nerve cell to re-polarize (or reset) itself between its transmission of nerve signals. Minerals like calcium, sodium, and potassium should pass back and forth through the cell wall of the nerves. This is why a typical 10S simply blocks the nerve signals.

The signals, (as they cross the synaptic junctions in the nerve roots of the lower back to get from one leg to the other), produce a little electro-magnetic field that is click here sensed by the nerves in your central anxious system (spinal column) and a signal is published to the brain to let it know what is occurring in the back location. The brain then launches endorphins, internal painkiller that travel through the blood stream to all parts of the body. These endorphins momentarily eliminate pain in other parts of the body and help elevate your state of mind. These endorphin regulated advantages are palliative, and last for about 4 hours, offerring additional welcome relief from your peripheral neuropathy pain.


Whatever the original cause, your nerves responded with the only survival tool they had: they contracted, they decreased their length and volume to protect themselves, and the spaces in between the nerves(synapse) were extended. A normal sized nerve signal could no longer jump this gap. Specialized stimulator then sends out a "test" signal that represents the most common waveform for healthy peripheral nerves. These impulses are sent out 7.83 times per 2nd since that is how long it takes for the nerve cell to re-polarize (or reset) itself in between its transmission of nerve signals. The signals, (as they cross the synaptic junctions in the nerve roots of the lower back to get from one leg to the other), create a small electromagnetic field that is noticed by the nerves in your central anxious system (spinal column) and a signal is published to the brain to let it understand exactly what is happening in the lumbar area.

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